What do You Need?
- Garden Gloves
- Road Base
- Rubber Mallet
- River Sand
- Ear muffs
- Jointing sand
- Spirit level
- String line
- Whacker packer
- Straight edge
- Brick saw (optional)
- Straight Edge /Screeding Rail
- Clearly mark the region that is to be paved and ensure there is additional space for the activity.
- Get rid of grass, stones, soil, vegetation and any other debris.
- Make sure the excavated depth is sufficient for sub-base construction and selected paving. 100mm of road base and 30mm of sand including paver thickness is adequate for pedestrian paving. Driveway paving is quite different from pedestrian paving.
2. BASE PREPARATION
- The road base should be evenly distributed over the area to be excavated taking into account the general fall.
- Use a whacker-packer (plate compactor) two times to compact the base of the road.
- Start spreading /scattering the sand on the compacted region until a thickness of between 25 and 30mm is attained.
- Use a straight edge or timber float to screed the sand from the river. Use a level to maintain uniformity.
3. PLACING THE PAVERS
- Mark the edge of the area to be paved using a string line. This assists in making certain the pavers are aligned and flush.
- Start placing the pavers from one end moving across. A gap of 3mm is maintained within the pavers to enable the sand for joining to be swept in-between later on.
- The string line should be square with every paver and use a spirit level to check if the surface is level. Paves are wriggled into place when placing or by tapping with a rubber mallet.
4. PAVER BINDING AND LOCKING
To lock or haunch header courses that are not against the wall it is vital to use cement and sand mix. This offers the right support to external course of the region to be paved. To achieve this, small cement and sand mixes are made inside the wheelbarrow. The mix is screeded along the paver’s edge to a height of about 75%. This maintains the paver’s position and also locks it in place.
Helpful Tip: Using a bit of cement and sand mix on the base of the external header course improves the overall strength of the area.
5. BINDING SAND AND SEALING
- The final step is to add locking sand or sand from the beach. This sand can be bought from the local dealer. Sweep it into the 3mm gaps in-between the pavers.
- After the sand settles between the gaps place an old piece of rug or carpet underneath the whacker-packer and start compressing it. This process also creates a smooth finish.
- Hose down or wash the area after finishing.
Sealing is an optional step which improves the final appearance of the paver. It also guards it from daily wear& tear, the elements, stains, food fats and more. It is advisable to go for quality sealers that have been tested and approved.
Finally, the last step is taking pleasure in your new surrounding!